All forms of hockey are governed by the rules of hockey as set down by the International Hockey Federation (FHI).
The pitch on which field hockey is played is 91.4m long and 55m wide. This boundary is marked on the turf and the shorter lines are called backlines.
A straight line is drawn midway between the backlines, and parallel to them. This centre line divides the pitch into two equal parts.
In each half, another parallel line is drawn at a distance of 22.9m from the backline. This distance converts to 25 yards, hence this is called the 25 yard line. This divides the pitch into four equal parts.The areas enclosed by and including the
22.9m lines, the relevant part of the side lines and the backline are known as the 23m areas.
From the center of each backline, a point is marked 1.8m away and a quarter circle arc having a radius of 14.63m is drawn from here on the inside of the field. The two quarter circles are joined at the top by a straight line measuring 3.66m to form the
D-shaped striking circle, also referred to as the “D”. Another set of quarter circles are drawn outside these 5m away. These arcs are not solid, but dashed.
From the center of the baseline, this point is marked 6.475m towards the inside of the pitch with a width 0.2m.
At 4.975m and 9.975m away from the center of each backline in either direction, a line 0.3m long is drawn. Each backline has four such markings. These are known as the penalty corner defender’s and attacker’s marks, respectively.
Long corners are now taken from the 23m line. Along each sideline at 5.0m from the backline, a line 0.3m long is drawn to form this mark.
Each goal post is 2.14m high and 0.05m wide. The goals posts are white.
Each post is placed 1.83m away from the center of the backline, one on either side, with a depth of 1.2m. This makes the total goal width 3.66m.
The back net consists of mesh whose spacing should not exceed 0.04m. It is fixed to the goal posts, bar, sideboards and backboard at intervals of 0.15m or less, to form netting around the top, sides and back of the goal. This net is not to be too tight
to avert the ball that is hit into the goal from rebounding off the net.
The playing surface extends at least 2m at the backlines and one metre at the side lines with an additional unobstructed one metre. This equates to a total of 3m at each end and 2m at each of the sides of the field. These are minimum
requirements with the recommended areas being 5m at each end and 3m at each side of the field.
Goals are positioned outside of the field of play at the centre of and touching each backline. Two white, vertical goal posts 2.14m high are joined by a white, horizontal crossbar 3.66m wide. Sideboards 460mm high and 1.20m wide are placed at right angles
to the goal line. Backboards 460mm high and 3.66m wide are placed at right angles to the sideboards and are fixed to the end of the sideboards. Nets are fitted loosely to the back of the goal posts and crossbar at intervals not more than 150mm.
Flag posts between 1.2m and 1.5m high are located at each corner of the field.
Rookey is a modified hockey game for children that is played as part of the Hookin2hockey program for children aged 5‑10 years.The Rookey pitch is divided into three zones of equal size using cones or markers along the sideline and if
required, across the playing area. Goals can be created using cones or markers and are 3m wide.The size of a Rookey pitch will depend on the number of players per team. Below is a guide to the pitch size required for different numbers of players.
The pitch is 44m long bounded by sideboards and 22m wide bounded by backlines. A smaller pitch may be used in national or local regulations. The minimum size of a pitch is 36m long and 18m wide.The minimum run‑off area recommended is 3m outside the backlines and one metre outside the side lines.The space outside the pitch, behind but including the goal posts and crossbar and enclosed by the net is a minimum of 800mm deep at the crossbar and a minimum of 1m deep at ground level.
All lines are 50mm wide. The backlines and all markings enclosed between them and the sideboards are part of the pitch. All marks are in a colour that contrasts with the playing surface. If played on a surface marked with lines for other sports, they are a distinctive colour.The following lines are marked on the pitch:
The following circles are marked on the pitch:
The pitch sideboards are:
Goal sideboards and backboards are not mandatory but if fitted should conform to the following specifications:
Rules of Hockey. International Hockey Federation. Lausanne Switzerland 2014.http://www.fih.ch/inside-fih/our-official-documents/rules-of-hockey/Rules of Indoor Hockey. The International Hockey Federation. Lausanne Switzerland. January 2016.Hookin2Hockey. Hockey Australia. 2015https://hookin2hockey.com.au/
The information in this guide is general in nature and cannot be relied upon as professional advice concerning the design of, or marking out for, sporting facilities and playing areas. No assurance is given as to the accuracy of any information contained in this guide and readers should not rely on its accuracy. Readers should obtain their own independent and professional advice in relation to their proposed sporting activity.
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